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Wellington Arch is a monument in London. It was commissioned in 1825 (along with Marble Arch) by King George IV to commemorate Britain's success in the Napoleonic Wars. Originally known as the Green Park Arch and also referred to as the Constitution Arch it now stands in the middle of a traffic island near Hyde Park. It was designed as a grand gateway to Constitution Hill that all visitors arriving into central London from the west would have to pass through. Wellington Arch was designed by Decimus Burton and constructed between 1826 and 1830. The interior of the arch is hollow and contains 3 separate floors. It housed one of the smallest police stations until London until 1992 when this was closed. In 1999 the care of the Wellington Arch was passed to English Heritage who now allow visitors to enter inside it for an admission charge. The admission charges are: Adult - £3.50 (5 Euros) Child - £1.80 (3 Euros) Concessions - £3.00 (4 Euros) English Heritage members - Free It is open daily from 10am until 5pm (summer) and from 10am until 4pm (winter).
Situated where there once was a private chapel at Buckingham Palace, the gallery exhibits a number of art treasures which are "held in trust by The Queen for the Nation" and includes items of jewellery and furniture. There are a number of rooms for lectures and events, as well as a multimedia room where additional information about the exhibits is provided. The Queen's Gallery is open daily from 10:00-17:30 with last admissions at 16:00. Facilities for disabled patrons are provided and there are various workshops and activities during school holidays and on weekends.
The Changing of the Guard (properly called "Guard Mounting") takes place in two locations in Central London. The most well known is the change over of the foot guards on sentry duty outside Buckingham Palace accompanied by a military band. The second ceremony is that of the mounted cavalry units at Horse Guard's Parade. Full dress uniforms are worn. Changing of the Guard at Buckingham Palace: Spring and Summer: Daily at 11:30 am Autumn and Winter: Alternate days: 11:30 am Horse Guards Parade Monday to Saturday at 11 am Sunday at 10 am
The Victoria Memorial in London stands at the midpoint of Queen's Gardens directly in front of Buckingham Palace. It is a golden statue of Queen Victoria which was erected in 1911, ten years after her death. The statue was sculpted by Sir Thomas Brock and the base of the memorial was made by Sir Aston Webb. The queen's statue faces towards the Mall and at her base are bronze statues representing the Angels of Justice, Truth and Charity. At the top of the monument is a representation of Victory flanked by two seated figures which were a gift from the population of New Zealand. There are nautical designs associated with the statue including a hippogriff and a selection of mermen and mermaids which together represent the strength of the British Navy during Victoria's rain. There is no entrance fee to see the Memorial since it stands in a public space and can be seen at all time.
The oldest Royal Park, St James's Park is surrounded by the Houses of Parliament, St James's Palace and Buckingham Palace. Steeped in history and tradition, the Park hosts many ceremonial parades and is located at the very heart of London. There is a playground for children and a restaurant which also provides picnic baskets. A variety of events and concerts are presented and the Park offers a habitat for many species of fauna and flora. Admission is free and the Park is open daily from 5am to midnight. Accessible by bus and tube, the Park does not provide parking facilities.