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The National Gallery
Located directly on Trafalgar Square, the National Gallery houses one of the world's most important collections of Western European art. In terms of architecture, the building is a spreading structure with a Neoclassical facade. The Sainsbury Wing (completed in 1991) features collections of early Italian and Northern Renaissance art painted between 1260 and 1610, as well as a dining room, theatre, information centre, and office space for the gallery. The East Wing (completed in 2004) houses portraits and landscapes dating from 1700 to 1920, including works by Hogarth, Gainsborough, and Monet. The North Wing is devoted to works from 1600 to 1700 and includes paintings by the Dutch and Flemish masters. The West Wing contains works from 1510 to 1600, including those by Michelangelo, Titian, and Dürer. Admission to the National Gallery is free, though some special exhibits/events may charge fees. Check the official Web site for public hours and for information about special showings or events.
The London Underground is a large metropolitan subway system providing public transportation for Greater London and nearby areas. With about 250 miles of line, "The Tube" is not only the longest such system in the world, it is also the oldest. The Underground is a part of Transport for London, which provides a unitary public transportation system for the city. The ubiquitous red, white, and blue logos denoting Underground entrances make stations easier to find, but potential users should visit the official Web site for rates, schedules, station locations, connection information, handicap accessibility, and other trip-planning tools.
Trafalgar Square is situated in the heart of London. It is one of the tourist attractions in London. The Nelson’s Column is at the centre of Trafalgar Square and it is guarded by four bronze lion statues at the base. The Nelson statue is 5.5 metre in height and it stands on top of the 46 metres tall granite column. It is honoured for the death of Admiral Horatio Nelson in 1805. The name of the square was honoured to the Battle of Trafalgar. There are two fountains, one on the western and one on the eastern side which are memorials to Lord Jellicoe and Lord Beatty. The National Gallery is on the northern side of the square. The square is famous for its pigeons. It was popular activities to feed the pigeons. In 2003, the Mayor of London has terminated the activities due to damages caused by bird droppings to the stonework and buildings and health hazard.
The Mall is the name of one of London's most famous streets. It stretches from Buckingham Palace at its western end to Admiralty Arch at its eastern end, where it runs close to Trafalgar Square, at its southern end is Green Park and St James Palace. It was created at the end of the 19th century as a ceremonial route for the Royal Family to use. The Horse Guards Parade, where the Trooping of the Colour ceremony takes place is located just off its eastern end. The Queen Victoria Memorial was erected close to the gates of Buckingham Palace to mark the opening of The Mall. During ceremonial occasions and on Sundays and Public Holidays it is completely closed to traffic. The Queen is regularly escorted up The Mall in the Royal Carriage during which time it is lined with Union Jack flags and huge crowds gather. During the VE celebrations to mark the end of end of the Second World War The Mall became the centre point of the celebrations. In 2002 over one million people gathered along the route to mark The Queen's Golden Jubilee celebrations.